Skin Aging


What happens to the skin when aging occurs?

Wrinkles, age spots, warts, skintags and dryness begin to appear on the skin. The number of pigment containing melanocytes decreases and the skin appears more translucent or pale. The skin becomes thinner and loses its fat, making it less plump and smooth. This occurs due to the reduction of skin strength and elasticity known as elastosis from connective tissue, pronounced in particular to sun-exposed areas of the body. Dermal Blood vessels are fragile at this point and can lead to easier bruising, bleeding under the skin, cherry angiomas, and other conditions.The padding or extra insulation that originally was in our bodies, dissapears as the subcutaneous layer thinens throughout the years. This may lead to skin injuries , the inability to maintain body temperature and a longer period of time for any injuries to heal. Sweat glands are also affected with aging, decreasing the amount of sweat released that has a larger increment of overheating and possibly developing heartstroke. Dryness and itchy skin occurs as sebeceaous glands produce less oil to moisten skin and waterproof it.

.
external image q0pr2YsF9LPFyYP5Wv_NdmMMjaIPDZoCV6N8JdRkpCl_NruyBsuadydvzj6oF1WHrgJEqM5B2NAplAxkRhxW6kUm_cEYWIZMciLQv3tx06dGFqzAy2k
external image zNztDlt-6lNBTh_brKDsv7e1w9UmjwlLw5obCRifJKW0T7CXyPWmo13xLtp4kvBi1BmJ1HDUC6C2wwasz6IujLs8t9Tr3uEF6-KIWo55Rr4DkWtkGWQ


What lifestyles and environmental factors can lead to skin aging or increase the rate of skin aging?
Sunlight, tobacco, and chemicals are environmental factors that speeds up the aging process. Lifestyles that may increase the rate of skin aging include the following: tanning, not wearing protective sunscreen SPF of 15 or higher, cigarette smoking (contributes to wrinkles), diet that doesn’t consist of nutrients and natural antioxidants, lack of exercise or physical activity, and not meeting the daily standards of water consumption.


By clicking on this link below you will be watching a video that shows what happens to the skin as aging occurs





Aging preventions, treatments and diseases
Prevention: As humans age the skin loses its elasticity and collagenous fibers, but there are different ways to prevent aging skin. Too much tanning or too much sun can age the skin so applying sunscreen daily that has a “SPF of 15 or higher" can help prevent more damage that can occur from the suns harmful rays and also from uv-radiation (Skin Cancer). Sunscreen can also lessen the amount of “actinic keratoses” that already exist (Skin Cancer). Actinic keratoses are “abnormal skin eruptions, or pre-cancers”(Skin Cancer).
Another way of preventing the skin from aging is by not smoking. As you age your skin becomes thinner and it is damaged more easily; smoking “causes wrinkles and deprives your skin of oxygen.”(Griffin). Oxygen helps the body to shape collagen, and collagen supports the skin, without support the skin will become wrinkly. Administering moisturizer or lotion daily also helps the skin to keep its flexibility and elasticity. Most moisturizers have a SPF in them which again prevents damage of the skin.
external image young-skin-old-skin-wrinkles.jpg
Another form of aging skin prevention is eating healthy foods and exercising. Eating foods with lots of “antioxidants help the skin to fight off free radicals that damage the skin”.(Griffin) Exercising helps keep the skin strong; which helps "prevent aging symptoms" (Griffin).
Drinking a lot of water is another way to prevent aging. Water washes the bad “toxins” that “break down the skin’s supportive fibers” which keeps the skin from becoming wrinkly early in life (Griffin).

The 10 Best Superfoods for Endurance Athletes by Justin Park
The 10 Best Superfoods for Endurance Athletes by Justin Park

When people become older they may become self-conscience of the wrinkles that are forming. Older people may start to use treatments to remove the wrinkles from their bodies. One type of treatment for aging skin is retinoids, which are “synthetic derivatives of vitamin A” (Skin Cancer). Retinoids can better the blemishes, and dark patches of the skin. This treatment also boosts the reproduction of “collagen and elastic fibers"; these fibers make the skin more firm and elastic, which reduces wrinkles. And less wrinkles makes the skin look younger (Skin Cancer). Another type of treatment is called "IPL (intense pulsed light)" this treatment can take place of a laser treatment which removes the top layer of your skin (Skin Cancer). IPL neither uses a laser nor removes skin. IPL uses a "small amplitude wavelength light through a crystal sapphire head." (Skin Solutions). The light enters through the top layer of skin all the way to the lowest layer of skin called the "subcutaneous layer." (Skin Solutions). This treatment provokes collagen fibers to produce quickly; which again allows the skin to become firmer and reduces wrinkles.
Chemical peels are used to lessen the amount of wrinkles of the skin. This treatment “rejuvenates the skin”(Skin Cancer). The chemicals used remove the first layers of the skin once the “skin heals” there is a new layer of skin that looks younger (Skin Cancer).
Dermabrasion “uses a small high-speed, rotating medal brush or file” this brush or file scuffs the “upper layers of skin" and smoothes out wrinkles (Skin Cancer). This treatment also rubs of “pigmentation problems”(Skin Cancer).
Botox is another treatment; this treatment has been used for “20 years” (Skin Cancer). Botox it is an “injection of botulinum toxin." (Skin Cancer). This injection “temporarily paralyzes the muscles” which smoothes out the skin and smooth skin means no wrinkles.





All people age and as they age they go through changes that occur throughout all humans. These changes usually happen with the skin and the whole body itself. The body starts to slow down including the “organs and organ systems inside of them.” (Aging) Some diseases and disorders set in as aging occurs. Some examples of these diseases and disorders would be:-Alzheimer’s disease
-Arthritis has many different kinds such as: osteoarthritis or rheumatoid.
-Cancer
-cataracts
-Corneal Abrasion
-Diabetes
-Dementia
-Heart Attack
-Loss of hearing
-Menopause in women
-Stroke” (Aging)
Healthy Aging Image Gallery
Healthy Aging Image Gallery


Works Cited
Aging Institute of UPMC. "Older Adults." Older Adults. Aging Institute of UPMC, n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. http://www.aging.pitt.edu/seniors/diseases-conditions.asp.

"Aging, Integumentary Changes That Occur with." Health Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.beltina.org/health-dictionary/aging-integumentary-changes-that-occur-with-skin.html>.

American Academy of Dermatology. "Causes of Aging Skin." Causes of Aging Skin. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. http://www.skincarephysicians.com/agingskinnet/basicfacts.html.

Dermalogica. "Dr. Claudia Aguirre, The Structural Changes in Aging Skin." YouTube. YouTube, 01 Aug. 2011. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=duACAsTVjlU.

"DermNet NZ." Aging Skin, Cutaneous Ageing, Photoageing. N.p., 1998. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://dermnetnz.org/site-age-specific/ageing.html>.

MedlinePlus. "Aging Changes in the Nervous System: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 17 Nov. 2010. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/004023.htm>.

National Institute of Aging. "Skin Aging: MedlinePlus." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/skinaging.html>.

Park, Justin. "Alliance Training Center: Physical Fitness & Mixed Martial Arts TrainingSign Up Today To Get A FREE T-Shirt & 30 DAYS FREE TRAINING!!!" The 10 Best Superfoods for Endurance Athletes by Justin Park: Alliance Training Center. 2012 Alliance Training Center, n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. http://www.alliancegym.com/the-10-best-superfoods-for-endurance-athletes-by-justin-park/.

"Revivaderm- What Causes Wrinkles." Revivaderm- What Causes Wrinkles. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.revivaderm.com/revivadermscience/what-causes-wrinkles/>.

"Skin Cancer Foundation." Anti-Aging Treatments. 2012 The Skin Cancer Foundation, 2012. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.skincancer.org/healthy-lifestyle/anti-aging/anti-aging-treatments>.

Skin Solutions. "What Is IPL?" What Is RF? 2012 Skin Solutions Ltd, 2012. Web. 22 Oct. 2012.< http://www.skin-solutions.co.nz/what-is-ipl/Griffin, Sharin. "How to Prevent Thinning of Skin With Aging." LIVESTRONG.COM. 2012 Demand Media Inc., 4 June 2011. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/248139-how-to-prevent-thinning-of-skin-with-aging/>.