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Stem cells are known for their unique capability of becoming any cell in the body. That unique trait makes it a factor of treatments for many life threatening injuries and diseases. Stem cells are seen as blank cells that when are cultured and placed back into the body can start to rebuild and replace the missing or damage cells. Stem cells can also be used for further studies on human development in its early stages. This research can assist in finding out how genetic diseases are formed and that information can lead to the future of treatment of genetic diseases.
Potential Uses of Stem Cells:
  • Using stem cells to regenerate neurons
  • this idea stems from research that was done on a mouse
  • Embryonic stem cells may be able to replace other specialized cells, like cardiac cells
  • Testing amniotic fluid and using stem cells to prevent disorders and abnormalities during pregnancy

Cell-based-therapies, where cells are induced in order for them to become the cell needed torepair damaged or destroyed cells in the body. During cell-based therapies specialized cells are
transplanted to promote growth of damaged tissue. Those specialized cells were in fact stem cells
grown in labs.

Bone marrow transplants are a type of stem cell transplants. The bone marrow transplant can
replace the bone marrow and propagate various cell types in the blood that has been
destroyed by chemotherapy and radiation. Bone marrow transplants are often used in
cases of patients
with leukemia.


Regenerating skin has been made possible by removing a hair. Keratinocyte, which are skin stem cells,
are found in the hair follicle and it can be extracted and cultured. This culture can then develop into skin that is identical to the patients skin.This technique is still being researched in clinical trials.

Drug Testings Stem cells are not just potential cells to repair and create they can also be used to test drugs.
By using stem cells it gives more range on how one can test a new drug because stem cells can become any cell.


Stepping into the Body : How could stem cells help

  1. Brain and Spinal Cord : Degeneration diseases can cause motor neurons to become damaged which also causes the muscles to become weaker. Stem cells can replace the damaged neuron motors which will prevent muscles from become weak from over use.
  2. Macular Degeneration: Macular Degeneration causes lose of eye sight. Stem cells can be used to replaced damaged cells in the macula to prevent lose of eye sight
  3. Heart: In the heart when arteries are clog it restricts oxygen flow causing the muscle to die. Stem cells would be able to be injected into the heart causing the growth of new blood vessels and new heart muscle.

The video below explains the idea of using amniotic fluid stem cells to develop cells that the fetus is missing in order to prevent disorders.
The idea is that they would test for abnormal developments and disorders in the baby then plan on how they will start to make the cells outside the body using stem cells. After the development of those cells then they would be placed into the fetus during the pregnancy.

Other Good information
This website goes into detail on stem cells and their potential and their future potentials.
Stem Cells and Tissue Regeneration

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This graphic depicts the development of a pluripotent stem cell.
maturestemcelltreatment.jpg
This graphic depicts the process that occurs when undergoing a bone marrow transplant.

Video :


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Work Cited:
Bethesed, M. D.. "What are the potential uses of human stem cells and the obstacles that must be overcome before these potential uses will be realized."Stem cell basics.
National Institute of Health, 2009.

Bohan, M.. Therapeutic uses of stem cells. N.p., 2008. Web. 5 Mar 2012. <http://outreach.mcb.harvard.edu/animations/thera7c.swf>.

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Ian, Millhiser. "Appeals Court Reverses Decision Striking Down Stem Cell Funding." science progress. N.p., 2011. Web. 3 Mar 2012. <http://scienceprogress.org/2011/05/appeals-court-reverses-decision-striking-down-stem-cell-funding/>.

N.A., . "Potential uses of stem cells." Biotechnology online. Australian Government, n.d. Web. 5 Mar 2012. <http://www.biotechnologyonline.gov.au/human/usessc.html>.

Pecorino, L.. Stem cells for cell-based therapies. N.p., 2001. Web. 3 Mar 2012. <http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/pecorino2.html>.

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Preeti, K.. "What are stem cells?." www.csa.com. ProQuest, 2006. Web. 3 Mar 2012. <http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/stemcell/overview.php>.